Vicksburg was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the Western Theater and of the entire war. Grant’s successful siege, leading to the city’s surrender by Confederate commander Pemberton, effectively split the Confederacy in two – and also boosted Grant’s profile in Washington.
Total Stops: 12
Total Time: 3 days
Area of Operations: 75 miles
Surrounding Vicksburg, the current military park is where Grant laid the majority of his siege and defense lines after two assaults failed to take the city. The landscape is dotted by memorials, and visitors have a chance to experience history through the many museums there, or nature through the park’s extensive hiking trails.
What to do:
Tour the Battlefield through the Self-Guided Driving Tour, the Cell Phone Driving Tour, a touring CD from the bookstore, Vicksburg Battle App, or hire a Licensed Battlefield Guide to accompany you.
Confederate General John C. Pemberton used this mansion as his headquarters during the Siege of Vicksburg.
What To Do:
Tour the house
Stop #4: Chickasaw Bayou Battle Marker
Time: 30 minutes
Details: The marker is located just north of the Vicksburg Battlefield at the following coordinates: 32°24'19.0"N 90°50'51.0"W.
The opening engagement of the Vicksburg Campaign in December 1862, this battle was an unsuccessful attempt by Grant and Sherman to take Vicksburg by a direct assault. A lone sign on US Highway 61 Business is the only marker on the battlefield.
What To Do:
Read the marker and try to envision the battle fought on this spot.
The Raymond Driving Tour features three structures that stand as a reminder of the Battle of Raymond, including a courthouse used as a field hospital, the Waverley Mansion used as headquarters by McPherson and Grant, and a Confederate cemetery.
Supporting columns are all that remains of a mansion that was used as a field hospital for Union troops. Grant’s forces also camped on the plantation’s grounds after crossing the Mississippi to begin the March to Vicksburg.